Today’s farmers have more technology at their disposal than ever before. One piece that is expected to greatly impact the production of food and fiber is Geographical Information Systems (GIS) technology.
According to the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, the world’s population will reach 9.1 billion, 34 percent higher than today’s population, by 2050. GIS software technology firm Esri says the ability of GIS to analyze and visualize agricultural environments and workflows has proven to be very beneficial to those involved in the farming industry.
Farming Case Studies
GIS tools help farmers conduct crop forecasting. Using Esri’s ArcGIS, they can collect georeference samples in cultivated areas and apply a statistical process to the samples. After completing the data, they create a geodatabase that helps farmers make better decisions. This forecasting measure helps them better accurately conduct harvests and save on spoilage, meaning more food gets to people.
Colombian coffee bean farmers used this technology to update a 20-year-old survey of coffee production. The Federación Nacional de Cafeteros de Colombia (FNC) was formed to represent the interests of the small coffee growers in the country and faced a problem in centralizing the data collected from its farms. This impacted the federation’s ability to negotiate better coffee prices based on coffee yield predictions across the entire country.
FNC used ArcGIS analytic tools for crop forecasting. The beans were counted and weighed, then statistical processes were applied to extrapolate crop estimates for the succeeding six-month period, according to an Esri case study. After completing their samplings, the FNC field service teams uploaded the crop yield data into a geodatabase through either an Internet-based server application or a custom-built ArcGIS Mobile application, Esri said.
FNC was also able to monitor the socioeconomic factors that affect farmers.
In another Esri case study, Australia sugarcane producers used GIS to improve operations. The Herbert Resource Information Centre, a non profit organization that supports sustainable development of the sugarcane industry, used web-based GIS applications that include Cane Mapping and Management, Real-Time Cane Harvester Monitoring, Sucrogen Rail Safe Integration and Cane Yield Monitoring systems. According to Esri, these applications use GIS to promote efficiency, productivity, and improved environmental outcomes for HRIC partners and sugarcane growers. It was specifically used to monitor the Herbert River catchment basin, which is sandwiched between two environmentally protected areas—Wet Tropics World Heritage Area and Great Barrier Reef Marine Park. Esri said the cane-growing industry uses the tools provided by HRIC to improve productivity while monitoring and reducing impact on the environment and maintaining community relations.
“Using Esri’s enterprise GIS has allowed us to integrate our various data inputs and provide real-time access for managers and decision makers. In development terms, we are doing things now in hours and days that would previously have taken us weeks and months. Technically, we can put in place anything we envision at the moment. Our challenge is to identify the business models that are sustainable and support those opportunities through GIS,” said Raymond De Lai, HRIC manager.
Esri’s GIS platforms have also helped the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s Animal Plant Health Inspection Service. According to this Directions Magazine article, APHIS has implemented GIS-based projects across the country to address various agricultural and natural resource issues.
While Esri is the dominate software firm in the GIS space, several other software houses solely make GIS applications for the farming industry. For example, Farm Credit Canada recently launched Field Manager PRO 360. This GIS software allows farmers to take a closer look at their operations using satellite imagery. Developed in partnership with Logiag, an agri-environmental specialist company, FM PRO 360 shows aerial images of fields so producers can map and compare their yields.
In fact, agriculture is thought to be one of the fastest-growing GIS customer bases. What does that mean for prospective GIS degree students? More career opportunities.